Edward was born at the palace of westminster on the night of 17 18 june 1239 to king henry iii and eleanor of provence edward is an anglo saxon name and was not commonly given among the aristocracy of england after the norman conquest but henry was devoted to the veneration of edward the confessor and decided to name his firstborn son after the saint. Edward was in many ways the ideal medieval king he went through a difficult apprenticeship was a good fighter and was a man who enjoyed both war and statecraft his crusading reputation gave him prestige and his chivalric qualities were admired although shrewdly realistic edward understood . Edward i 1272 1307 early years often considered the greatest of the plantagenets edward i was born on the evening of 17th june 1239 at westminster palace the first born child of henry iii and eleanor of provencehe was named edward in honour of his fathers favourite saint the saxon king edward the confessor. Edward was born in june 1239 at westminster the son of henry iii in 1254 he married eleanor of castile edwards early adulthood took place against a backdrop of civil strife between his father . Edward ii was born in caernarfon castle in north wales on 25 april 1284 less than a year after edward i had conquered the region and as a result is sometimes called edward of caernarfon the king probably deliberately chose the castle as the location for edwards birth as it was an important symbolic location for the native welsh associated with roman imperial history and it formed the
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